OBESITY AND KNEE JOINT ARTHRITIS
Obesity and arthritis are directly linked together. A small example might help you to explain the relation. Examine and compare tyres of two trucks one loaded with routine weight and other one loaded with heavy load above the prescribed limits.The tyres of truck loaded with heavy booty would be damaged early as compared with other one.
Obese individuals are directly loading weight bearing joints (hip, Knee & ankle) resulting in damage to cartilage lining.
There is also indirect relation between obesity and arthritis as explained below.
Of all the joints in the body knee joint is the major weight bearing joint.The ends of bones in the knee joint are covered by special lining called cartilage. Cartilage lining aids in smooth motion of joint and acts as shock absorber. When this cartilage lining is subjected to repetitive high stresses it loses its nutrition and elasticity, which in turn results in early wear and tear. Many studies have shown relationship between body mass index (BMI) and development of osteoarthritis and knee pain.Statistics from around the world are showing average rise in BMI and is the incidence of arthritis.
Some experiments have found that hormone called Leptin is released from extra body fat, which plays a role in development of osteoarthritis of knee. Extra body fat content in the body releases toxins that can promote inflammation which can also damage cartilage.
LINK BETWEEN DIET AND ARTHRITIS:
Arthritis and food we eat are linked in one of the three ways.
- Absence of essential nutrients: If the essential nutrients like Vitamins and minerals in our diet are absent they may affect general health and can also aggravate arthritis.
- Toxins and allergens: Some food products may contain toxins and allergens which can damage cartilage and aggravate arthritis.
- Special food supplement and oils: certain nutritional supplements and oils help to nourish cartilage and suppress inflammation in the joint there by reducing pain.
- There is difference between the quantity and quality of food we take.
- Weight gain is related to the quantity of food intake and not to the quality.
- If you are thinking of quantity relate it to the calories. Now you can make calculations like calories in and calories out.
- If you are thinking of quality for example shifting your diet from rice to wheat rotis, you are simply changing the source of your calories (rice calories to wheat roti calories).
- Even though you are eating less compared other individual who is eating more and still gaining weight it is your metabolism which is slow and as a result you are gaining weight.
- Rate of metabolism varies between males and females, different ages, different individuals.
- As you age the rate of metabolism decreases and you tend to store more amount.
- People tend to avoid three meals a day concept. Do not try to skip a meal, as you do so you will be compensating the skipped meal in the next meal and therefore excess calorie intake.
- Simple and most effective way of dieting is eating three meals a day in limited quantity such way that you notice that you are putting down your weight gradually.
- If you are worried about the deficiency of essential vitamins and minerals you may take vitamin, calcium and iron supplements with advice of your doctor.
- Dieting as explained above is not easy task and it may take weeks to months to adjust your body to limited quantity of food.