A new jargon is sprouting up in medical news i.e. text neck.
Advances of digital technology are boon to human race with advent of cell phones and tablets. This in other way is bane to health of individuals.
Text neck is coined by US chiropractor Dr Dean L. Fishman
There are scientific studies depicting that at least 60 percent of population aged 18 to 45 years using these modern gadgets suffer from text neck.
Text neck is a repetitive stress injury to neck. It's a type of Overuse syndrome. In this modern age with invent of cell phones, tablets, e-readers people are spending lots of time on these devices. People bend their neck forward in awkward position for prolonged times which puts abnormal stresses over neck muscles resulting in text neck.
Bio mechanical reason for causing text neck
When your neck is in neutral position at zero degrees 4.5kg to 6.35 Kg of pressure is borne on neck. Bending the head to 15 degrees will increase the pressure on neck to 12.24 kg. There will be sequential increase of pressure on neck up to 18.14kgs at 30 degrees, 22.22 kgs at 45 degrees, 27.12 Kgs at 60 degrees of neck flexion. This in turn puts excessive stress on neck muscles resulting in pain and stiffness.
1. Neck pain and soreness: due to constant bending of neck and abnormal loads being transmitted across neck muscles results in discomfort and soreness around neck
2. Shoulder pain and stiffness: Holding the hand held gadget in specific stable position results in shoulder pain and stiffness.
3. Upper back pain: muscles around the upper back go into spasm resulting in nagging pain in and around upper spine.
4. Pinched nerve : symptoms of pinched nerve can occur due to chronic use of these gadgets , may lead to pain radiating to upper limbs down to hand and fingers.
Prevention is best cure – but most of them defer
1.Use gadgets only when necessary
2.Adjust the height of cell phone or laptop or any hand held device at level of eye so that there is no need to bend your head.
3.Take frequent breaks when using these devices.
4.Ergonomic posture at your work place
5.Neck and upper back stretches
In conclusion you need to maintain proper posture of neck in such a way that you avoid prolonged bending of head over these modern gadgets.