Sport injuries are injuries that occur to athletes in major sporting events. In many cases, these types of injuries are due to overuse of a part of the body when participating in a certain activity. For example, runner's knee is a painful condition generally associated with running, while tennis elbow is a form of repetitive stress injury at the elbow, although it does often occur with tennis players. Other types of injuries can be caused by a hard contact with something. This can often cause a broken bone or torn ligament or tendon.
Injuries are a common occurrence in professional sports and most teams have a staff of Athletic Trainers and close connections to the medical community. Controversy has arisen at times when teams have made decisions that could threaten a players long-term health for short term gain.
Sports injuries can be broadly classified as either traumatic or overuse injuries. Traumatic injuries account for most injuries in contact sports such as Football, Rugby, Australian rules football, Gaelic football and American football because of the dynamic and high collision nature of these sports. These injuries range from bruises and muscle strains, to fractures and head injuries.
A bruise or contusion is damage to small blood vessels which causes bleeding within the tissues. A muscle strain is a small tear of muscle fibres and a ligament sprain is a small tear of ligament tissue. The body’s response to these sports injuries is the same in the initial five day period immediately following the traumatic incident - inflammation.
Common Sport injuries:
Head and neck injury – loss of consciousness, paralysis or even death
Concussion – loss of consciousness or even death
Fractures – hair-line fracture to a crushing injury
Ligament sprains/tears – ACL tears, ankle sprains
Muscle strains/tears – hamstring pull, quadriceps tear
Bruises and abrasions – open wounds on the skin, blunt injuries
Overuse injuries – tennis elbow, runner’s knee, ilio-tibial band friction syndromeBurnout and fatigue – due to overtraining also leads to injuries